Inglés 4º ESO

REPORTED QUESTIONS

Viernes, 21 de Mayo de 2010 15:34

Revise how to form reported questions:

Question type

Example

with interrogative

word

direct speech

“Where are you studying?”

reported speech


He asked me why I was studying.

                 subject+verb

without interrogative

word

direct speech

“Do you speak French?”

reported speech


He asked me if I spokeEnglish.

              subject + verb

 

Now practise:

EXERCISE 1            EXERCISE 2                EXERCISE 3    

EXERCISE 4            EXERCISE 5 .-  Questions and statements

 

REPORTING VERBS

Martes, 18 de Mayo de 2010 15:33

reportingverbsApart from SAY and TELL, we can use other reporting verbs which specify the speaker´s intention. Pay attention to the structure which follows each verb:

 

Verb Structure

Direct speech

Reported speech

Say

Tell somebody

Complain          + (that) + sentence

Promise

Admit

Explain

“I will go tomorrow”

I said that I would go the following day

 

 

Verb Structure

Direct speech

Reported speech

Tell

Ask     +   object + to infinitive

invite

“Carol,  close the door.“

“Would you like to come to my house?”

I asked Carol to close the door

I told her to close the door

Refuse

Offer     +   to infinitive

agree

“I won´t go”

“I´ll help you”

I refused to go

I offered to help him

 

Practise these some of these verbs (and some new ones) with these games:

GAME 1                     GAME 2

Now do these exercises on reporting verbs:

EXERCISE 1

EXERCISE 2 .- Change into reporting speech:

1.  " I won´t help you with your homework", Mark said to María

Mark refused . . . . .  .

2.  "This exercise is too difficult", Paul said

Paul complained . . . . . .

3.  "OK, I´ll go with you to the concert", Lola said to Mario

Lola agreed  . . . . . . . 

4.  Sara said to Tom, "Do you want to go to the cinema?"

Sara invited . . . . . . . 

5.  "Sara, stay in your house", her mum said

Her mum told . . . . . . .

6.  "I took the money", the thief said

The thief admitted . . . . . . .


   

REPORTED SPEECH: statements

Jueves, 13 de Mayo de 2010 15:48

reportedspeech4

When we want to repeat what someone else said, we use REPORTED SPEECH. Can you remember the changes we make?

 

-  TENSES:

Direct speech

Reported speech

simple present

"Bill doesn't like cats"

simple past

She said Bill didn't like cats.

present continuous

"I am listening to the radio"

past continuous

He told me he was listening to the radio.

present perfect

"I've finished my shift"

past perfect

She said she had finished her shift.

simple past

"I played golf"

past perfect

"I had played golf"

past perfect

He said he had played golf.

past perfect

He said he had played golf.

will

"It'll rain tomorrow"

Other modal verbs:

can, may, would, could

would

She told me it would rain the day after.

 

could, might, would, could

 

- PERSONAL REFERENCES reportedspeech3

-  TIME AND PLACE REFERENCES:

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

today, tonight

that day, that  night

now

then

yesterday

the day before

… days ago

… days before

last week

the week before

next year

the following year

tomorrow

the next day / the following day

here

there

this, these

that, those

 

Let´s do some activities to practise:

EXERCISE 1        EXERCISE 2        EXERCISE 3          EXERCISE 4        EXERCISE 5

EXERCISE 6.-  Say vs tell

   

THIRD CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Jueves, 29 de Abril de 2010 16:03

Can you remember how to form a third conditional sentence?IF

IF + subject + past perfect ... /  subject +  would have + past participle

Subject + would have past participle …  /  if + subject + past perfect

If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.

I would have passed the exam if I had studied

 

Now let´s practise:

EXERCISE 1                EXERCISE 2                  EXERCISE 3                   EXERCISE 4

 

   

PAST PERFECT

Jueves, 29 de Abril de 2010 15:38

Let´s revise the PAST PERFECT tense. Can you remember the structure?

pastperf

 SUBJECT   +   HAD    +       PAST PARTICIPLE (-ED or third form)

HAD is the auxiliary verb:          They hadn´t been           /           Had they been?


When do we USE the past perfect?  

If several events happened in the past, the Past Perfect Tense shows us which event happened before the others. The important thing to notice is that the first event (earlier on the timeline) is finalised before the next one begins.

  I worked for IBM after I had studied IT    (first: I studied IT; then: I worked for IBM)

past_perfect_simple_past

 

Now let´s practise with a few exercises:

EXERCISE 1    and     EXERCISE 2 .-  Past perfect form

EXERCISE 3 ,  EXERCISE 4  and EXERCISE 5-  Past perfect or past simple


   

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